Unit 1 – Intro to Chemistry
- Perform metric conversions.
- Know the metric prefixes: k, c, m, µ, and their meanings.
- Know the 3 common states of matter and the changes between them.
- Differentiate between physical and chemical changes.
- Be able to do density calculations.
- Know the classes of matter.
- Know the difference between endothermic and exothermic processes.
- Use sig figs.
- Use scientific notation.
Unit 2 – Atoms, Moles, Periodic Table
- Understand the basic atomic structure.
- Relate the concepts: mass number, atomic number, isotope, and atomic mass.
- Calculate the average atomic mass from given data.
- Give the electron configuration of any element (fully written out and shorthand).
- Convert between moles, grams, and number of atoms.
- Understand how quantum numbers describe electrons.
- Predict the number of valence electrons for any s or p block element, and understand how that determines stability.
- Know where each of these are in the periodic table:
- blocks (s, p, d, f)
- periods and groups/families
- Alkali metals
- Alkaline-Earth metals
- Noble gases
- Transition metals
- Lanthanide and Actinide series
- Explain why each of the following periodic trends changes as it does:
- Ionization energy
- Atomic radius
- Know the contributions of Mendeleev, Moseley, Thomson, and Rutherford.
Unit 3 – Compounds
- Determine the charge of an ion from any Group 1, 2, 13, 16, or 17 element
- Compare molecular shapes to ionic compound shapes.
- Compare ionic and covalent compounds in terms of: electron involvement, bond strength, conductivity in solution, boiling point, and melting point.
- Name any ionic compound.
- Know the formula and charge of all polyatomic ions discussed in class.
- Write the formula for any ionic compound.
- Use electronegativity to determine bond character.
- Draw Lewis structures for covalent compounds and polyatomic ions.
- Draw resonance structures of covalent compounds predicted by Lewis structures.
- Name and write formulas for covalent compounds.
- Apply VSEPR Theory to covalent compounds to predict shape.
Unit 4 – Moles and Chemical Reactions
- Perform mole conversions in any direction.
- Calculate empirical formulas from % comp data.
- Give pieces of evidence of a chemical change.
- Differentiate between different types of chemical reactions.
- Balance chemical equations.
- Use the activity series and solubility rules to predict products given the reactants.
- Write total and net ionic equations.
Unit 5 – Stoichiometry
- Be able to convert between moles, mass, volume of liquid, and volume of gas at STP
- Determine limiting reagents and excess reagents
- Balance equations
- Predict products using solubility rules
- Understand how to use molarity in stoichiometry problems
- WORK STOICHIOMETRY PROBLEMS
- Calculate % yield
Unit 6 – Energy in Reactions
- Know what each variable represents and the associated units
- Calculate the enthalpy change of a substance when heated or cooled
- Calculate the enthalpy change associated with a chemical equation
- Use standard enthalpies of formation
- Answer questions associated with the molar heat capacity lab
Unit 7 – Gases
- Be able to convert between pressure units.
- Know STP conditions.
- Know which variables are related and how for each gas law:
- Work gas stoichiometry problems.
- Be able to answer questions pertaining to our labs.
Unit 8 – Solutions
- Understand how polarity is linked to solubility.
- Calculate concentration in ppm.
- Calculate molarity and use it to solve problems.
- Do solution stoichiometry problems.
- Understand what a supersaturated solution is.
- Understand colligative properties and predict the impact of various amounts of solute on colligative properties.
- Know the two types of surfactants discussed and how they differ chemically.
Unit 9 – Acids and Bases
- Understand what makes a substance an Arrhenius acid or base.
- Understand what makes a substance a Bronsted-Lowry acid or base.
- Know the formulas for the list of acids and bases given in class.
- Know general properties of acids and bases.
- Determine the conjugate acid or base for a given reactant.
- Differentiate between strong acids/bases and weak acids/bases.
- Understand the self-ionization of H2O and its meaning on Kw.
- Understand how to do a titration and calculate the concentration of a strong acid or base.
- Calculate pH.
- Calculate[H3O+] and [OH-].
- Predict the products of a neutralization reaction.
Unit 10 – Organic
- Differentiate between alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes.
- Name alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes (including branched).
- Know the structure of each functional group:
- carboxylic acids
- Name compounds containing functional groups.
- Draw structural and skeletal diagrams for any organic compound.
- Understand the structure of benzene, phenol, and cycloalkanes.
- Predict the products of an esterification reaction.